4-2 Project One

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In this project, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following competency:

  • Describe the organizational hierarchy and roles within the U.S. judicial system


You are the Director of Local Community Outreach for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS), a national professional organization. Your position is to aid mid-sized cities in their efforts to educate citizens about how to interact with the judicial system. Your position includes consulting, running community programs, and creating educational materials. Your goal is to create an information poster or other visual aid that will help these cities educate the general population about the criminal justice system.


The ACJS is committed to promoting equity in the criminal justice system. Create an information poster or visual aid that address all of the required elements:

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  • Explain how the court system in the United States works. Address the following questions in your explanation:
    • How do the three types of courts relate to each other?
    • How do courts provide checks and balances?
  • Explain the functions and responsibilities of various members of the criminal justice system. You must address each of the following members:
    • Judges
      • Consider addressing some of the key issues or ethical factors a judge might encounter.
    • Prosecutors
      • Consider including the impact of prosecutorial discretion on the court process.
    • Defense Counsel
      • Consider addressing the differences between public and private defenders and the role each plays in due process.
    • Allied Professionals
      • Consider including some of the following roles: court stenographer, probation officers, court clerks, and court deputies.
  • Describe the role of various courts.
    • What is the role of the appeals courts? Include:
      • Local courts
      • State courts
      • Federal courts
    • What is the role of specialized courts?
  • Describe the jurisdictions of different courts in the United States. Include each of the following:
    • Explain why different courts exist.
    • Provide an example of a different court.
    • Describe the importance of its jurisdictional difference.
    • Describe some of the issues that can arise from this jurisdiction.
      • You may want to consider:
        • Military courts
        • Native American courts or U.S. court jurisdiction over Native Americans

What to Submit

To complete this project, you must submit the following:

Educational Material
For this project, choose the format that works best for you. Please note there is no requirement related to the way you show your knowledge, as long as you meet the rubric requirements by following the directions.

We have created the following optional template to aid you in completing this project:

If you prefer to create a different visual aid, consider creating one of the following:

  • Interactive timeline (See the Supporting Materials section.)
  • Infographic (See the Supporting Materials section.)
  • Video for a website
  • Other handout

Make sure your visual aid includes all of the rubric requirements in the Directions section.

Supporting Materials

The following resource(s) may help support your work on the project:

Project One Template Word Document
This template can be used to create a visual aid.

Website: Timeline
This website can be used to easily make an interactive timeline.

Website: Piktochart
This website can be used to easily make an infographic or visual.

CJ 207 Project One Template

Complete this template by replacing the bracketed text with the relevant information.

The Court System

Relationship Among the Three Courts

Checks and Balances

Relationship of the Supremacy Clause and Federal Superiority Rule to the Courts

[Insert text.]

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Functions and Responsibilities of Various Members





[Insert text.]

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Defense Counsel

[Insert text.]

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Allied Professionals

[Insert text.]

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Roles of Various Courts

Local Appeals Courts

State Appeals Courts

Federal Appeals Courts

Special Courts or Problem-Solving Courts

[Insert text.]

[Insert text.]

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[Insert text.]


Military Courts

Native American Courts

[Insert text.]

[Insert text.]



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