Complete 7 pages APA formatted article: The Mixed-member Proportional Representation System.

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Complete 7 pages APA formatted article: The Mixed-member Proportional Representation System. Accountability is also degraded since parties claim not to have most of their partners in government and therefore have disagreements with their coalition partners.

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. The issue of electorates MPs is another challenge since, with their large numbers, the communities from rural areas find access to their local MPs impossible. This comes along with the feeling of inadequate representation. Another negative aspect of the electorates is that. after they lose, they are taken back on the list instead of other contestant hopefuls. As opposed to their electorate counterparts, the constituency representatives from the list do not usually exhibit thought independence from their party because it could be fatal.[1]

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Minor parties can also pose a challenge in this system. The costs of their demands are usually very high. therefore, it can be challenging for the government to assume fiscal responsibility. The same minor parties can be incited to be divisive and extreme because with just 5% votes, representation is guaranteed. Therefore their demands could prevail at the expense of 90% of the rest of the population. These minor parties usually tend to get wiped out or disintegrating. At times they get to decide the majority of parties that form the government, thus giving greater power regardless of having fewer votes.

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&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. All aspects of the MMP system have been put into consideration and several amendments recommended in New Zealand. New Zealand’s Electoral Commission has launched a review of this system. It seeks lots of public input geared towards all possible changes to the MMP operations and how to improve it. An electoral Referendum was conducted in 2011, and the majority of the New Zealander’s voted to maintain the MMP system, and this triggered a need for review.[2] Amongst the issues to be reviewed is what threshold a party should have to be approved for the parliamentary seat allocation list. There are formal or significant thresholds. In New Zealand, there are two legal thresholds. Their purpose is to provide for effective government by preventing major hurdles from interfering with upcoming political forces. The percentage laid down is debatable to ensure that everyone is incorporated, from the tiny, smaller parties and the extremist groups.

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