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Research Assignment (Required activity—10 points)
Use complete sentences and do not answer in outline form. Paragraphs are nice, and you can include a lot of the desired information requested below in a few paragraphs:
One often hears about drug use and criminal behavior, addiction and criminal behavior, drugs and delinquency, and so forth. Your task for this Research Assignment is to explore one of the many issues, findings or questions related to drugs and crime. For example:
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- Is there a trend in the kinds of crimes that are committed by a certain type types of drug user?
- Does drug use cause crime? Does crime necessarily correlate with drug use? Work here on a specific drug or class of drugs, and its relationship to crime.
- Have changes in drug laws, either at the federal or state level, had any effect on criminal behavior, or the trafficking in illicit drugs?
- What kinds of crimes involve prescription medicines?
- Does drug use cause violence? Are violent crimes correlated with the use of certain kinds of drugs? What is the relationship between alcohol use and domestic violence, for example?
- Does criminal behavior lead one into drug use, or is the opposite true?
- Does drug use have any relationship to white collar crime, domestic violence, property crime, motor vehicle accidents/homicides, arson, burglary, etc.
- Do new marijuana laws in Washington and Colorado have an impact on criminal behavior?
- Is the consumption of alcohol or cigarette smoking a crime if a woman is pregnant?
- And so forth. One may certainly pick her or his own topic related to criminal behavior.
These are just a few examples of topics to explore for this papert, and the list is far from exhaustive. Be creative, but be sure to focus on just one drug or one class of drugs, or drug activity—-and/or one criminal behavior.
In addition, find at least one academic journal article published since the year 2000 or more recently that relates to the question about drugs and crime that you’ve raised. Describe how this journal article relates or sheds light on the issue of concern. Remember, let the reader know you read the full-text article, and not merely a summary; elaborate, provide some details. Elaborate and provide some details from the article. Assume your reader is most interested in details and data that may be revealed in an academic journal article. In addition, better papers mention one or two strengths and/or weaknesses of the journal article.
Review the Paper Grading Rubric in your RESOURCES section. In addition, before you begin your research paper, read the following short handouts available down at the RESOURCES section of your MODULES page: (1) Definition of an Academic Journal; (2) APA Style; (3) Things to Remember about Your Research Paper; (4) How to Write a Better Research Paper; and (5) Plagiarism and the 6 Word Rule. Then check out the model papers. Finally, begin collecting information about your paper and making an outline/writing.
Turning in your Research Assignment Paper requires that you submit it in two places:
- First, submit your paper to be graded (you will see the submission page, by clicking “Next” at the bottom of this page.
- Second, post your completed paper in the Week 4, “Drugs and Crime” forum (discussion board). You will see the Discussion Board on the page after your file submission page. Here, other students may read your paper and, if they wish, make a positive/productive comment about it; no criticisms, only give compliments and/or identify an interesting aspect of the paper you enjoyed. Any comments made here are not part of the “Class Participation” activity. Comments here do not generate points and are strictly optional
Research Assignment (Required activity—10 points) Use complete sentences and do not answer in outline form. Paragraphs are nice, and you can include a lot of the desired information requested below
Methamphetamine Use and Crime Marvin Mindfog The University of Texas Permian Basin Methamphetamine Use and Crime According to Hanson et al. (2018), one drug climbing in popularity is methamphetamine. While no specific crimes exist related solely to abusers of methamphetamine, criminal activity seems prevalent within this community of users. Methamphetamine traditionally flourished within rural communities, primarily due to the isolation of manufacturing the drug (Hanson et al., 2018). Chemicals and volatile solvents used in the process draw in unwanted attention, and these apparent indicators alert much more attention in town (Hanson et al., 2018). In 2005, the National Association of Counties conducted a survey of county law enforcement agencies, and the results indicated 58% reported methamphetamine being the number one drug problem within their areas (Hunt, 2006). Rural communities still have a large methamphetamine concentration because law enforcement resources and treatment options are spread thin compared to larger municipalities (Hunt, 2006). Newer improved methods of manufacturing the drug require smaller drug labs for production, and this contributed to an increased presence within cities (Hunt, 2006). The illicit drug, methamphetamine, is a powerful and long lasting central nervous system stimulant (Hanson et al., 2018). Stimulant abuse often increases the chance of aggressive behavior, and this behavior tends to intensify when contacting law enforcement or medical staff (Cartier et al., 2006). According to Hunt (2006), unlike the relatively short-lived “high” achieved from cocaine, methamphetamine remains psychoactive in the body for up to eight to twelve hours for a more sustained “high.” It is quite common for these abusers to stay awake for several consecutive days, without food, and experience ramped up levels of paranoia (Thompson et al., 2004). Because of the long-last effects of the drug, methamphetamine has become more popular than cocaine in some cities throughout the country (Hunt, 2006). Hunt (2006) reported that methamphetamine abuse is growing increasingly popular with people who have a high school education or college background. In addition usage data by gender revealed abuse by 45% women compared to 55% of men. The increased numbers of women abusing methamphetamine have resulted in more female prisoners incarcerated in state and local correctional facilities (Cartier et al., 2006). Treatment programs are designed to help curb dependence to drugs. Methamphetamine abuse is particularly resistant to treatment interventions because of the protracted impact it has on the brain, even when abstinence is achieved (Cohen et al., 2003). Chronic abuse of methamphetamine shows apparent signs of brain damage, hallucinations, and symptoms similar to that of Parkinson’s disease (Thompson et al, 2004). The challenge for overcoming addiction to methamphetamine remains possible, but the path to abstinence appears difficult and complex. References Cartier, J., Farabee, D., & Prendergast, M.L. (2006). Methamphetamine use, self-reported violent crime, and recidivism among offenders in California who abuse substances. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(4), 435-445. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260505285724 Cohen, J., Dickow, A., & Horner, K. (2003). Abuse and violence history of men and women in treatment for methamphetamine dependence. American Journal on Addictions, 12(5), 377-386. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550490390240701 Hanson, G.R., Venturelli, P.J., & Fleckenstein, A.E. (2018). Drugs and society (13th ed.). Jones and Bartlett Learning. Hunt, D.E. (2006). Methamphetamine abuse: Challenges for law enforcement and communities. National Institute of Justice, 254. https://www.nij.gov/journals/254/pages/methamphetamine_abuse.aspx Thompson, P., Hayashi, K., & Simon S. (2004). Structural abnormalities in the brains of human subjects who use methamphetamine. Journal of Neuroscience, 24(26), 6028-6036. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.0713-04.2004