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Question 1

An offer, acceptance, consideration, and mutual assent are all necessary components of a legitimate contract.

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When all of these conditions are met, a contract is formed.

Contracts can be written or verbal, depending on the nature of the agreement.

In most cases, a written agreement is more enforceable than an oral agreement.

An agreement to sell products is governed by the UCC.

Contracts under it do not require consideration, unlike common law contracts.

To be enforceable, a contract must be in writing.

Businesses benefit from the UCC because it establishes a standard set of rules upon which they can base their contract negotiations.

For businesses, the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) makes it easier to forecast contract disputes and plan for probable risks.

 Explanation:

An agreement to sell products is governed by the UCC, the Uniform Commercial Code. The common law governs oral agreements. Contracts under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) do not require consideration, unlike common law contracts. To be enforceable, a contract must be in writing.

Contracts for the sale of commodities are governed by the UCC, which is a system of laws. There must be an offer and acceptance and consideration in UCC contracts just as in any other contract. Any agreement under the UCC must be in writing to be legally enforceable. Some other considerations, such as whether or not there was a purpose to creating an official contract and a mutual agreement, also play a role in determining the legality of an agreement.

Legal agreements between two or more parties are governed by contract law, which is composed of the rules that regulate their creation and enforcement. Contract law varies from state to state and even from country to country, so it’s important to know what you’re getting yourself into. Civil law is developed by legislators and prohibits agreements that legislators view as unfair or unsound, but common law refers to decisions made by judges or courts based on prior rulings linked to comparable situations. The UCC is a formulation of Article 2’s general contract principles by the United States Congress.

It is the UCC that sets the rules for business deals. Your transaction is not subject to common law when you buy an automobile, rent an apartment, or purchase something from a catalog. The buyer may be allowed to cancel the contract and receive a refund if the seller fails to meet the terms of the “offer” (the price, quantity, and quality of products). Contrary to popular belief, contracts are not the same as legally binding obligations. As a contract is not a legal obligation, it can be:

For a contract to be valid, it needs to include the following elements: an offer; consideration; mutual assent; and a legitimate legal reason for being entered into. Both written and oral contracts exist. Making an offer refers to the act of offering something in return for something else. The offeree is the recipient of the offer. Giving something up in exchange for something of value to the other party is what is meant by the term “consideration.” It’s possible to have a legally enforceable contract if there is no consideration offered by the parties. This means that courts will look at both agreements and evaluate whether it is fair for one or both parties to be held liable in court for a breach of contract by one or the other of the parties.

Question 2

A contract was made between Smith and Jones to buy a car in the case known as Smith v. Jones.

There was a deadline in the contract for when the car would be handed over.

As a result of the car not arriving on time, Smith filed a lawsuit against Jones for breach of contract.

Jones was forced to pay Smith’s damages after the court found that he had broken the contract.

Jones was also ordered by the court to deliver Smith’s automobile.

The court’s ruling was correct. Smith was legally entitled to pick up the car on the scheduled delivery date.

Jones broke the contract by failing to deliver the car as agreed.

Explanation:

Both parties have the power to compel compliance with the terms of the agreement. Upon discovering that there has been a breach of contract, one party has the right to demand that the other party honor the agreement. Essentially, this can be divided into two categories: performance and violation. The contract specifies what should happen, and a breach occurs when something goes awry. When Smith and Jones agreed to buy a $10k car from one other, Jones failed to deliver the vehicle on the agreed-upon date, therefore Smith was entitled to a refund. In my opinion, Jones should not be allowed to walk away with no repercussions for breaking the terms of their contract.

After being delivered on May 31, 1988, the BMW M5 was supposed to be handed over to Smith on July 23, 1991, but he didn’t receive it until July 23, 1991. Smith sued Jones for damages since the contract indicated that the vehicle would be delivered on or before May 31, and he could not utilize it during that time. Jones was found to have purposefully violated the contract’s “time is of the essence” condition by failing to deliver the vehicle on time and was compelled to pay damages as a result.

During Smith v. Jones, the plaintiff and the defendant entered into a contract for the purchase of a vehicle. There was a deadline in the contract for when the car would be handed over. As a result of the car not arriving on time, Smith filed a lawsuit against Jones for breach of contract. Jones was forced to pay Smith’s damages after the court found that he had broken the contract. Jones was also ordered by the court to hand over the vehicle to Smith.”

According to Smith, Jones breached the contract by not delivering the car. When the court found Jones in breach of contract, it imposed a $1,800 fine on him. Jones was also ordered by the court to deliver Smith’s automobile. Orders issued by a judge, in this case, were appropriate because once a contract is signed, each party is obligated to execute all of its promises.

Smith was unable to use the car for a long period because Jones failed to deliver it on schedule. In addition, he made Smith fear that he would not get the car at all. The court was correct to order Jones to pay for the damages and get the automobile back.


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